poniedziałek, listopada 06, 2006

słówka: część pierwsza

foibles 1 : the part of a sword or foil blade between the middle and point 2 : a minor flaw or shortcoming in character or behavior : WEAKNESS foibles> gag Function: verb Inflected Form(s): gagged; gag��ging Etymology: Middle English gaggen to strangle, of imitative origin 1 a : to restrict use of the mouth of by inserting a gag b : to prevent from exercising freedom of speech or expression c : to pry or hold open with a gag 2 : to provide or write quips or pranks for <gag a show> 3 : to choke or cause to retch intransitive verb 1 a : CHOKE; also : to suffer a throat spasm that makes swallowing or breathing difficult b : RETCH 2 : to be unable to endure something : BALK 3 : to make quips - gag��ger noun Function: noun 1 : something thrust into the mouth to keep it open or to prevent speech or outcry 2 : an official check or restraint on debate or free speech gag rule> 3 : a laugh-provoking remark or act 4 : PRANK, TRICK gag order Main Entry: gag order Function: noun : a judicial ruling barring public disclosure or discussion (as by the press) of information related to a case; broadly : a similar nonjudicial prohibition against the release of confidential information or against public discussion of a sensitive matter sight gag Main Entry: sight gag Function: noun : a comic bit or episode whose effect is produced by pantomime or camera shot rather than by words soldiered on Main Entry: 2soldier Function: intransitive verb Inflected Form(s): sol��diered; sol��dier��ing /'sOl-j&-ri[ng], 'sOlj-ri[ng]/ 1 a : to serve as a soldier b : to behave in a soldierly manner c : to push doggedly forward -- usually used with on <soldiered on to the end> 2 : to make a pretense of working while really loafing cajoled Main Entry: ca��jole Pronunciation: k&-'jOl Function: transitive verb Inflected Form(s): ca��joled; ca��jol��ing Etymology: French cajoler 1 a : to persuade with flattery or gentle urging especially in the face of reluctance : COAX cajole them into going> b : to obtain from someone by gentle persuasion <cajoleed money from his parents> 2 : to deceive with soothing words or false promises - ca��jole��ment /-'jOl-m&nt/ noun - ca��jol��er noun - ca��jol��ery /-'jO-l&-rE/ noun synonyms CAJOLE, COAX, SOFT-SOAP, BLANDISH, WHEEDLE mean to influence or persuade by pleasing words or actions. CAJOLE suggests the deliberate use of flattery to persuade in the face of reluctance or reasonable objections <cajoled him into cheating on the final exam>. COAX implies gentle and persistent words or actions employed to produce a desired effect <coaxed the cat out of the tree>. SOFT-SOAP refers to using smooth and somewhat insincere talk usually for personal gain soft-soaping eligible voters>. BLANDISH implies a more open desire to win a person over by effusive praise and affectionate actions blandished with promises of support>. WHEEDLE suggests more strongly than cajole the use of seductive appeal or artful words in persuading wheedling her life's savings out of her>. disparaging Main Entry: dis��par��age Pronunciation: di-'sper-ij, -'spa-rij Function: transitive verb Inflected Form(s): -aged; -ag��ing Etymology: Middle English, to degrade by marriage below one's class, disparage, from Anglo-French desparager to marry below one's class, from des- dis- + parage equality, lineage, from per peer 1 : to lower in rank or reputation : DEGRADE 2 : to depreciate by indirect means (as invidious comparison) : speak slightingly about synonym see DECRY - dis��par��age��ment /-ij-m&nt/ noun - dis��par��ag��er noun - dis��par��ag��ing adjective - dis��par��ag��ing��ly /-ij-i[ng]-lE/ adverb elicits Main Entry: elic��it Pronunciation: i-'li-s&t Function: transitive verb Etymology: Latin elicitus, past participle of elicere, from e- + lacere to allure 1 : to draw forth or bring out (something latent or potential) elicited his hidden fears> 2 : to call forth or draw out (as information or a response) elicited cheers> synonym see EDUCE - elic��i��ta��tion /i-"li-s&-'tA-sh&n, "E-/ noun - elic��i��tor /i-'li-s&-t&r/ noun stung Function: verb Inflected Form(s): stung /'st&[ng]/; sting��ing /'sti[ng]-i[ng]/ Etymology: Middle English, from Old English stingan; akin to Old Norse stinga to sting and probably to Greek stachys spike of grain, stochos target, aim transitive verb 1 : to prick painfully: as a : to pierce or wound with a poisonous or irritating process b : to affect with sharp quick pain or smart stung their faces> 2 : to cause to suffer acutely <stung with remorse> 3 : OVERCHARGE, CHEAT intransitive verb 1 : to wound one with or as if with a sting 2 : to feel a keen burning pain or smart; also : to cause such pain - sting��ing��ly /-i[ng]-lE/ adverb Main Entry: bee-stung Pronunciation: 'bE-"st&[ng] Function: adjective : having a red puffy appearance as if from being stung by a bee <bee-stung lips> gangly Main Entry: gan��gly Pronunciation: 'ga[ng]-glE Function: adjective Inflected Form(s): gan��gli��er; -est Main Entry: gan��gling Pronunciation: 'ga[ng]-gli[ng], -gl&n Function: adjective Etymology: perhaps alteration of Scots gangrel vagrant, lanky person : loosely and awkwardly built : LANKY Main Entry: lanky Pronunciation: 'la[ng]-kE Function: adjective Inflected Form(s): lank��i��er; -est : ungracefully tall and thin synonym see LEAN - lank��i��ly /-k&-lE/ adverb - lank��i��ness /-kE-n&s/ noun crumpled Main Entry: 1crum��ple Pronunciation: 'kr&m-p&l Function: verb Inflected Form(s): crum��pled; crum��pling /-p(&-)li[ng]/ Etymology: Middle English crumplen, frequentative of Middle English crumpen transitive verb 1 : to press, bend, or crush out of shape : RUMPLE 2 : to cause to collapse intransitive verb 1 : to become crumpled 2 : COLLAPSE dashed Main Entry: 1dash Pronunciation: 'dash Function: verb Etymology: Middle English dasshen, probably from Middle French dachier to impel forward transitive verb 1 : to break by striking or knocking 2 : to knock, hurl, or thrust violently 3 : SPLASH, SPATTER 4 a : RUIN, DESTROY dashed his hopes> b : DEPRESS, SADDEN c : to make ashamed 5 : to affect by mixing in something different dashed with bitterness over the delay> 6 : to complete, execute, or finish off hastily -- used with down or off <dashed down a drink> <dash off a letter> 7 [euphemism] : 1DAMN 4 intransitive verb 1 : to move with sudden speed <dashed through the rain> 2 : SMASH Main Entry: 1smash Pronunciation: 'smash Function: noun Etymology: perhaps blend of 4smack and 2mash 1 a : a smashing blow or attack b : a hard overhand stroke (as in tennis or badminton) 2 a : the action or sound of smashing; especially : a wreck due to collision : CRASH b : utter collapse : RUIN 3 : a striking success quash Main Entry: 1quash Pronunciation: 'kw��sh, 'kwosh Function: transitive verb Etymology: Middle English quashen to smash, from Anglo-French quasser, casser, from Latin quassare to shake violently, shatter, frequentative of quatere to shake : to suppress or extinguish summarily and completely <quash a rebellion> freckle - piegi